In addition to interoperability, COMCASA will also provide Indian military units with access to a secure common tactical image that would allow, for example, Indian Navy and Air Force surveillance aircraft and combat aircraft to obtain data from U.S. and friendly partners during exercises or operations. In addition, given India`s access to previously limited U.S. defense technology exports following its appointment in 2016 as a leading defence partner, COMCASA will allow India to import U.S. systems that are not polluted by possible restrictions on guidelines, communications and sensor technologies. The agreement had been in place for more than a decade and a half, after the former government of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) failed to sign it because the left-wing parties that were part of the coalition were strongly opposed to close relations with the United States. The recent strategic achievement between India and the United States has been the Communication and Security Compatibility Agreement (COMCASA), a typical bilateral variant of one of the three fundamental agreements that the United States signs with its military partners; Memorandum of Understanding (CISMOA) (Communications, Interoperability and Security Memorandum of Agreement) The other two entities; Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA) and Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA). LEMOA is a country-by-country variant of the U.S. standard logistics support agreement (LSA) that has already been concluded between India and the United States.
Both parties must therefore be signed with the BECA, perhaps again with Indian-specific modulations. LeMOA or the Memorandum of Understanding on Logistics Exchange is one of three basic agreements between India and the United States. It was signed between the two countries in August 2016, after decades of negotiations. This is the specific Indian version of the Logistics Support Agreement (LSA). The agreement makes it easier for military personnel from both countries to use each other`s bases for refuelling and refuelling. The two countries will implement this agreement in a manner consistent with the national security interests of the other. On March 21, the Egyptian Embassy in Washington quoted U.S. Central Command General Joseph Votel as saying, „In January 2018, we celebrated the successful signing of the Bilateral Protocol on Interoperability and Security (CISMOA), which has worked for more than 30 years to improve security and counterterrorism cooperation.“ COMCASA is one of four core agreements that the United States signs with allies and close partners to facilitate interoperability between the military and the sale of high-end technologies. The U.S. S.-India COMCASA – formerly known as CISMOA or Communication Interoperability and Security Memorandum Agreement – calls on India to protect sensitive and secure military communications equipment from the United States and facilitates the Indian use of previously limited communication channels to allow for closer cooperation between U.S. and Indian military equipment and friendly armed forces that have also reached a similar agreement with the United States.
Even after years of bilateral military exercises, without COMCASA, Indo-U.S. Military communication was able to use a limited feature of the COMBINEd Enterprise Regional Information Exchange (US CENTRIX) communication system. This limit no longer applies. After years of negotiations, the two sides have reached a major communication agreement. CISMOA covers the provision of encrypted communication equipment and systems for secure communication between the two military personnel and their assets in times of peace and war.