Pretoria Agreement 2002



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welcomes the Congolese government`s decision to negotiate the Pretoria agreement. This is why the reopening of the icD process in Pretoria in October 2002 should be considered in the context of the national, regional and international political environment. In this sense, he said, Rwanda believed that all other outstanding issues would be resolved through pragmatic exchanges on behalf of both governments. He reaffirmed President Kagame`s commitment at the signing of the agreement last month that Rwanda is ready to cooperate with its African brothers and sisters and the wider international community to bring peace and security to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and the entire people of Africa. Recalling that when the African Union was created in Durban last month, there was a decisive meeting between President Joseph Kabila of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwandan President Paul Kagame, she said she had laid the groundwork for the current peace agreement. Also in Durban, the parties had asked President Mbeki and the Secretary-General to act together as guarantors of the agreement. The Pretoria agreement was handed over to the Inter-Consumese Dialogue Ombudsman, Ketumile Masire, who organized a meeting in Sun City to develop the final stages of the entire dialogue process. This meeting brought together all parties to the Pretoria process, which culminated in the signing of the Sun City II agreement of April 1, 2003. This agreement was reached in the context of ethnic conflicts in the Ituri region between Hema and Lendu. The conflict has been exacerbated by the involvement of Rwandan and Ugandan troops. Delegates were pressured by regional and international forces to reach a final settlement to allow the ituri region to be sorted. At the time of the letter, most parties designated their people to the various positions they were charged with under the agreement.37 The transitional government was to be inaugurated on 29 May 2003, but was postponed due to the withdrawal of the RCD-Goma from the committee that drafts the final settlement.

The conflict erupted when the group accused the Kinshasa government of retaining the post of army chief and of wanting to control the majority of military regions.38 At the time of the letter, the transitional government has yet to be installed. However, three things have been reported. These include the new fighting in the east of the country, in which the Turkish army (allegedly) participates, and the ethnic conflicts in which Hema and Lendu take place in the Ituri region. President Joseph Kabila tried to conclude a ceasefire in Dar es Salaam with the five factions39 in the Ituri conflict39, but that did not work.40 Third, the Ugandan army withdrew from the hot crucible of Ituri under international pressure.



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