The six-point ceasefire agreement was signed by Russia and Georgia on 12 August 2008. In signing the agreement, the two sides agreed on this point: the agreement is not a peace settlement, but forms the basis of a legally binding text to end the fighting and pave the way for a political solution. The Republic of Georgia declared independence in early 1991, when the Soviet Union began to disintegrate. In this context, a war between Georgia and the separatists has de facto left part of South Ossetia`s former autonomous autonomy under control by Russian-backed but internationally unrecognized separatists. After the war, a joint peacekeeping force of Georgian, Russian and Ossian troops was deployed to the region. A similar situation developed in the Abkhazia region, where Abkhazian separatists had waged war in 1992-1993. After the election of Vladimir Putin in Russia in 2000 and a change of pro-Western power in Georgia in 2003, relations between Russia and Georgia began to deteriorate and reached a full diplomatic crisis until April 2008. On 1 August 2008, separatists in South Ossetia began shelling Georgian villages, with sporadic reaction from Georgian peacekeepers in the area.      Artillery fire from pro-Russian separatists broke a ceasefire agreement in 1992.  To put an end to these attacks and restore order, the Georgian army was sent on 7 August to the South Ossetian conflict zone.
 The Georgians took control of most of the separatist stronghold of Tskhinvali. Russian troops had illegally crossed the Russian-Georgian border and were ventilated until 7 August in the conflict region of South Ossetia before the Georgian military response.      Russia accused Georgia of „aggression against South Ossetia“ and launched a vast invasion of land, air and sea in Georgia on 8 August under the pretext of a „peacekeeping“ operation.  Russian and South Ossetia troops fought for several days against Georgian troops in and around South Ossetia, until Georgian troops withdrew. Russian and Abkhazian troops opened a second front by attacking the Kodori Gorge, held by Georgia. Russian naval forces have blocked part of the Georgian coast. The Russian Air Force has attacked targets outside the conflict zone in undisputed parts of Georgia. It was the first war in history where cyberwarfare coincided with military actions. An information war also took place during and after the conflict.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy negotiated a ceasefire agreement on 12 August. The Russians had refused to withdraw their troops in Georgia until Georgian President Michee Saakashvili signed the six-point plan organized by French President Nicolas Sarkozy earlier this week, although they refused to sign it themselves.