„The interests of the United States in the Middle East are different from those of the past,“ Cook said. Even though the energy boom in the United States has created a mythical energy independence, where American producers are still highly prized by Saudi oil power and global market pressure, the vision of an America free of Middle East oil after all these decades makes it easier to imagine a complete description of the chaotic affair Roosevelt encountered with Ibn Saud. The Pitchforks were already in Congress for Saudi Arabia when Russia and Saudi Arabia failed to reach an agreement in early March on a reduction in oil production, breaking a partnership that had existed for nearly three years and which had kept oil prices relatively high. Russia started the oil price war, but Saudi Arabia ended it, massively increasing production and reducing the selling price of its oil exports. Combined with the disastrous economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic, which has crippled economic activity around the world, this measure has sent oil prices to historic decline. Analysts have been studying Saudi nuclear plans and proposals for decades in light of the kingdom`s economic profile, energy resources and security dilemmas. Saudi state policy stresses that the kingdom`s efforts to promote nuclear energy are limited for peaceful purposes, but senior officials, including Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, have also said that if Iran persecuted or received a nuclear weapon, the kingdom would also work there. In March 2018, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said: „Saudi Arabia does not want to acquire a nuclear bomb, but there is no doubt that if Iran has developed a nuclear bomb, we will follow as soon as possible.“ 150 U.S. National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger meets with Saudi Arabia`s King Faisal in this unsealed photo. Library of Congress Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman presides over the kingdom`s national economic transformation initiatives, and under the auspices of his father, he led changes in the management of economic and administrative bodies throughout the Saudi government. Saudi Arabia`s Vision 2030 initiative, National Transformation Plan, and Fiscal Balance Plan (Figure 3) seek to expand employment opportunities for young Saudis – 67% of the kingdom`s 20 million citizens are under 35 – while attracting large-scale foreign investment to new sectors and creating new sources of non-oil-based state and private sector economic activity a.32 Successive administrations Saudi pud these goals, but with narrow and gradually targets than the Vision 2030 initiative. Regional actors hostile to Saudi Arabia have carried out destructive and sometimes deadly attacks on a large number of targets, including critical infrastructure, military installations, airports and energy facilities throughout the country, as well as ships in the Red Sea shipping lanes. Examples of recent targets include Riad, Yanbu, areas near Djiddah, Abha civilian airport, military installations in the south and specific oil and gas facilities.
The Islamic Republic of Iran has supplied Yemen-based Houthis and other regional proxy groups with weapons, including drones, missiles, and rockets. Houthi militants continue to plan and conduct attacks against locations in Saudi Arabia. Violence linked to Iranian-backed groups poses a significant threat. U.S. citizens living and working near military bases and critical civilian infrastructure, especially in the Eastern Province and areas near the border with Yemen, are at herisk of missile and drone attack.18 Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman interview with Norah O`Donnell, CBS 60 Minutes, September 30, 2019.